Nordkapp (North Cape)
Located in Norway, has a residential population of only 3200 people. However, each year more than 200,000 people visit, normally over the 3 months of summer with the hope journeying to the northern most point in Europe. The final destination, for many of these visitors, is a 307m (1007ft) cliff, from which come to see the Midnight Sun.
Nordkapp, popularity started in 1553, when the British explorer, Richard Chancellor, rounded the cape attempting to find a sea route to the Northeast Passage, a shipping route to the Pacific Ocean. Chancellor, named the area North Cape, from which the Norwegians translated into Nordkapp.
The Midnight Sun is a phenomenon which occurs north of the Arctic Circle as well as south of the Antarctic Circle. In the weeks around the summer solstice, June 21/22 in the Northern Hemisphere, the sun is visible for a full 24 hours, given fair weather. As one travel’s closer to the poles the amount of days per year it occurs increases. Because there are no permanent human settlements south of the Antarctic Circle, apart from research stations, all chances to see this incredible phenomenon are in the Northern Hemisphere.
The coastal town is like many others in the Finnmark region where it is located, the home of large seabird colonies. This includes Norway’s largest groups of puffins and kittiwakes. The nesting season is from April to September in which large numbers of White-tailed eagles, guillemots, razorbills, cormorants, arctic skuas and gannets populate the area.
For anyone visiting Scandinavia, a visit to Nordkapp is a must with its incredible natural scenery, flora and wildlife.